Regional Maternity Capital Programmes: Impact on Fertility in Russia




fertility, total fertility rate, maternity capital, regional maternity capital programmes, demographic policy


Despite an active demographic policy, the birth rate in Russia has been declining since 2015. Since 2007, federal maternity capital (FMC) programme has been implemented. In 2011, some Russian regions additionally introduced regional maternity capital (RMC). The paper aims to assess the impact of RMC on fertility in Russian regions. To this end, econometric models using panel data from the Federal State Statistics Service for 1996-2020 were utilised. A positive impact of regional maternity capital for a second child on fertility was revealed. The study demonstrated that this support measure is most effective in predominantly Orthodox regions, as well as in regions with a higher total fertility rate (more than 1.7). According to the analysis, it is necessary to raise RMC payments for a second child to the level of federal maternity capital, all other things being equal, in order to increase the average total fertility rate to 1.7. Fertility is negatively correlated with the average per capita income, housing costs, unemployment rate and preschool enrolment, as well as positively correlated with federal maternity capital and marriage rate. As a result, the state has to continue and improve maternity capital programmes for the purchase of housing for families with children, support them in the labour market, improve preschool infrastructure, and also to pursue a pro-natalist policy aimed at strengthening the family institution and preserving family values. Due to the specificity of data, an influence of regional maternity capital on changes in birth timing and purposes of the capital’s possible spending were not considered. Further research should focus on determining priority forms of providing regional maternity capital according to the intended use.

Author Biographies

Elena S. Vakulenko , HSE University

Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Professor, HSE University;; Scopus Author ID: 56538480700 (11, Pokrovsky Boul., Moscow, 109028, Russian Federation; e-mail:

Natalya V. Ivashina , Far Eastern Federal University

Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Associate Professor;; Scopus Author ID: 57193734383 (10, Ajax Bay, Russky Island, Vladivostok, 690922, Russian Federation; e-mail:

Yana O. Svistyilnik , Far Eastern Federal University

4th Year Student of the Economics Programme - Double Degree FEFU and HSE (10, Ajax Bay, Russky Island, Vladivostok, 690922, Russian Federation; e-mail:



How to Cite

Vakulenko Е. С. ., Ivashina Н. В. ., & Svistyilnik Я. О. . (2023). Regional Maternity Capital Programmes: Impact on Fertility in Russia. Economy of Regions, 19(4), 1077–1092.



Social Development of Regions